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    Difference Between a Vineyard and Winery?

    Whats The Difference Between Vineyard And Winery

    A wine comes from both a vineyard and a winery, but what is the difference between them?

    Both vineyards and wineries play essential roles in the production of a wine, and your favourite bottle’s supply chain would be nothing without either.

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    What Is The Difference Between A Winery And A Vineyard?

    Winery and a Vineyard

    Vineyards are where grapes are cultivated and grown specifically for the purpose of making wine, while a winery is the facility where the wine production process takes place.

    While vineyards focus on the cultivation of grapes, wineries are responsible for the various stages of wine production, including harvesting, fermentation, ageing, and bottling.

    In essence, a vineyard is where the grapes are grown and the winery is where the wine is made.

    When looking at the difference between a winery and a vineyard it’s important to focus on the lifecycle of a wine.

    In order for there to be wine you need grapes and grapes are grown and cultivated on a vineyard.

    For grapes to then be transformed into wine they need to be transported to a winery. A winery is where the magic of fermentation occurs and our favourite wines are made.

    Summary Table

    Criteria Vineyard Winery
    Purpose Cultivation and growth of grapes Wine production
    Activities Growing, pruning, and tending to grapevines Pressing grapes, fermentation, blending, bottling
    Location Piece of farmland Often a building
    Role Primary focus on grape cultivation Primary focus on wine production
    Expertise Agricultural attention and environmental knowledge Understanding fermentation and optimizing each vintage
    Licensing N/A Licensed to make and sell wine
    Offer tastings and tours
    Offer tastings and tours

    So what, exactly, is a vineyard?

    What is a Vineyard?

    Vineyard Grapes and Fields

    Very simply, without vineyards there would be no wine.

    • Vineyards are magical pieces of land where grapes are grown, pruned and tended to until they are fully ripened.
    • Vines will be planted and cared to by workers until they grow grapes that are ripe enough to be harvested.
    • The location and weather of the vineyard plays a huge role in what grapes are planted and what vineyard practices need to be applied to them in order to guarantee the best crop year after year.

    So how does a winery compare?

    What is a Winery?

    Winery Production

    A winery is often a building as opposed to a piece of farmland and will be licensed to make and sell wine from the grapes grown in a vineyard.

    Everything including:

    • pressing grapes
    • fermentation
    • blending
    • bottling
    • ageing all occur in the winery

    A lot of wineries offer tastings and tours so you can see all this wonderful work for yourself.

    They make great day trips and you might discover some exciting new wines in the process.

    Key Differences Between Winery Vs Vineyard

    The main difference between a winery and a vineyard is that wineries make wine whereas vineyards grow grapes.

    Lots of work is required for both, but the nature of the job is very different. Vineyards require a lot of agricultural attention and environmental knowledge.

    Wineries, on the other hand, need a more scientific brain to understand the effects of fermentation and how to get the best out of each vintage.

    Next time you’re on holiday why don’t you see if there are any vineyards or wineries nearby so you can see the differences for yourself?

    Day trips don’t get much better than this!

    Before You Go... 


    We hope this answers any questions you may have on the differences between a winery and a vineyard.

    If you have any questions, leave them in the comments, or email us at

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    philip thompson Author: Philip Thompson
    Philip is the General Manager at Expert Wine Storage, and is very knowledgable about all things relating to wine and wine storage, including wine fridges. He is regularly featured in media outlets sharing his knowledge on wine. Connect on Linkedin