Sangiovese wine is popular with all wine drinkers, it has a diverse profile depending on the bottle.
This includes subtle flowery and strawberry scents in a bottle of Montefalco Rosso, and a dark and high tannic flavour of a bottle of Brunello di Montalcino.
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Sangiovese Red Wine - The Ultimate Guide
The Sangiovese grape can quickly change its genetic makeup to meet the climate, making it somewhat of a chameleon.
All around Italy, there are numerous mutations of the type, which produce wines with distinctive tastes.
You might be surprised to learn that Sangiovese isn’t very common outside Italy.
Sangiovese has fewer global plantings even than the lesser-known Mourvedre.
Fruity aromas of Sangiovese include:
- Tart cherry
- Red plum
Other Sangiovese notes comprise roasted pepper, tomato, leather, clay, brick, tobacco, smoke, oregano, thyme, dried roses, and potpourri.
Besides being high in tannin and acidity, the Sangiovese is an oak wine, typically light oak, ageing in neutral oak barrels.
This wine is also suitable for ageing 4 to 7 years (normal) and 10 to 18 years for longer term storage and maturation.
(Brunello di Montalcino)
Taste of Sangiovese Wines
The Sangiovese has a savoury flavour.
Sangiovese is a chameleon-like grape that can take on a variety of flavours, ranging from highly earthy and rustic – as is the case with many Chianti Classico – to round and fruit-forward.
No matter where it is grown, it always has a cherry flavour with softer tomato overtones.
The next time you taste a Sangiovese, set aside some time to sit and smell it.
If the wine is older, you’ll notice that the aromas gradually shift towards dried cherries, figs, and roses.
Should You Serve Sangiovese Wine Chilled?
It's best to serve Sangiovese wine at a temperature of 15°C -18°C or 59°F - 65°F.
It's best to use a wine fridge to maintain the proper serving temperature of your wine (you can shop wine fridges here).
Sangiovese doesn’t smell much, unlike some more aromatic red wines like Tempranillo, so you don’t need to worry about serving it in a large bowled glass, just use a typical wine glass to pour it.
Food and Sangiovese Pairings
Due to its medium weight and savoury aroma, Sangiovese pairs well with various cuisines:
- Use the tangy smell of Sangiovese to complement herbs and tomatoes.
- High-tannin Sangioveses pair superbly with hearty roasted meats, preserved sausages, and strong cheeses.
- Work with lipids like butter and olive oil when serving Sangiovese wine with vegetarian food so that the richness of the fat helps cut through the tannins in the wine.
- Reduce the amount of sugar on roasted or braised vegetables to make the wine seem fruitier.
Wine Regions of Sangiovese
Although the Sangiovese grape was first grown and cultivated in Italy, it covers more than 175,000 acres worldwide today.
The top wine-producing regions for Sangiovese include:
- Italy - Ten per cent of the grapes harvested in the nation are Sangiovese. Although Sangiovese grapes are notoriously indigenous to Tuscany, they are also produced in other parts of Italy, notably Campania in the south and Romagna, where they are known as Sangiovese di Romagna. Umbria borders Tuscany in central Italy.
- France - The second-largest producer of Sangiovese grapes, known locally as nielluccio, is the French island of Corsica.
- Argentina - Italian immigrants brought Sangiovese to Argentina in the late 19th century. The majority of the Sangiovese producers and winemakers in Argentina nowadays are found in the Mendoza region.
- United States - Following the popularity of Super Tuscan wines in the 1980s, Sangiovese experienced a surge in attention in the United States. Napa Valley and Sonoma County in California, as well as Washington state, are places that produce Sangiovese.
- Australia - Sangiovese is grown in South Australia’s Barossa Valley.
Which Wines Can You Make with Sangiovese Grapes?
At least 80% of Sangiovese is used in the Chianti red wines, which include Classico Chianti Ruffina, Chianti Senesi, and others.
The sole ingredient in Brunello di Montalcino is this varietal.
Vino Nobile di Montepulciano and Morellino di Scansano are two other Tuscan wines made from Sangiovese or Sangiovese-based grapes.
Additional Sangiovese wines are produced in Corsica and Romagna.
Although the grape is grown in many other nations, these wines are not as well recognised.
Sangiovese Wine History
Early origin hypotheses for Sangiovese traced the grape back to the Roman era of winemaking.
Even the idea that the grape was first grown by the Etruscans in Tuscany from untamed Vitis vinifera vines has been floated.
The grape’s name, which translates to “blood of Jove” alludes to the Roman deity Jupiter.
Legend has it that the monks from the commune of Santarcangelo di Romagna, now the province of Rimini in the Emilia-Romagna region of east-central Italy, came up with the name.
Giovanvettorio Soderini wrote about Sangiovese for the first time in his books in 1590 (also known under the pen name of Ciriegiulo).
The grape is known as “Sangiogheto”.
And according to Soderini, it produces excellent wine in Tuscany, but if the winemaker is not careful, it could also make vinegar.
Although no concrete evidence supports the claim that Sangiogheto is Sangiovese, most wine historians agree that this is the first recorded instance of the grape.
Nevertheless, Sangiovese would not become well known throughout Tuscany until the 18th century, despite being the most extensively cultivated grape in the area, along with Malvasia and Trebbiano.
Sangiovese Wine Vs Other Wines
Chianti vs Sangiovese
Generally speaking, Chianti refers to a particular kind of Italian wine, whereas Sangiovese refers to a specific red grape variety.
Sangiovese grapes are used in all Chianti wines, which are blended with Cabernet, Merlot, or Syrah to give the wine a silkier texture, more refined finish, and even more fruity aromas than wines made solely from the grape.
Sangiovese grapes are utilised to produce wines other than Chianti.
Other wines incorporating Sangiovese grapes include Vin Santo, Super Tuscans, and wines of the same name made from only Sangiovese.
Related Guide: What Does Chianti Taste Like?
Super Tuscans vs Sangiovese Wine
Sangiovese is the main grape used in mixes of super Tuscan wines.
Super Tuscan wines, however, also incorporate French Bordeaux grapes in addition to or in place of the region’s typical grapes, unlike Chianti, which is only made with Italian grapes.
Sangiovese vs Nebbiolo
While Nebbiolo has a highly distinctive nose of dried fruits like figs or prunes and floral notes like roses or violets, Sangiovese has red fruit smells and a frequently bitter cherry or cranberry tone.
These secondary scents of leather and tar swiftly develop in Nebbiolo.
Sangiovese vs Pinot Noir
It is a terroir-driven varietal, similar to Pinot Noir.
Nevertheless, despite these variations, Sangiovese is renowned for having a complex aroma character.
It has a distinct, highly fruity primary taste of dark cherries, strawberries, plums, and other fruity and savoury nuances.
Sangiovese vs Cabernet Sauvignon
Both are regarded as old-world wines since they are matured in oak barrels and have a medium to high tannin level.
Sangiovese is a more fruit-forward type, whilst Cabernet Sauvignon has fewer fruit-centric aromas, including leather, tobacco, vanilla, and cedar.
You’ll notice these differences in their varying tasting profiles.
Is Sangiovese Wine Sweet or Dry?
Sangiovese is a dry, light to medium-bodied red wine that tends to have tighter tannins and higher concentrations of mouth-watering acidity.
The rich tastes range from rustic to delicious depending on where and how the grapes are handled.
Expect cherry, plum, and red currant in the fruit department and smoky, earthy herbaceousness.
How Do You Pronounce “Sangiovese”?
Sangiovese is an Italian term that is pronounced: “san-jo-VAY-zee.”
The Latin term Sangiovese, which refers to the ancient Roman deity Jupiter, means “blood of Jove.”
How Strong is Sangiovese Wine?
Although Sangiovese grapes may thrive in most environments, they typically thrive in hot, dry regions and prefer limestone soils.
The resulting wine has a medium alcohol content, typically between 13 and 14% ABV, and ages well in barrels.
What Qualities Does the Sangiovese Grape Have?
Sangiovese grapes can adapt to their surroundings, yet they still share some traits no matter where they are grown. Grapes from Sangiovese have:
- Thin skins
- A light colour
- Fine tannins
- Long growing seasons
While Sangiovese grapes can successfully grow in most places, they tend to grow best in hot, dry climates and like limestone soils.
The resulting wine ages well in barrels and generally has medium levels of alcohol, typically between 13-14% ABV.
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